Child Sexual Exploitation

What is Child Sexual Exploitation?

“The issue of child sexual abuse material (CSAM) and online sexual enticement of children (OSEC) is a prevalent and shocking crime that most people don’t even realize exists. Unlike child sex trafficking, CSAM is not fueled by money, but by offenders who prey on children for their own gratification. Having viewed millions of files of CSAM, and identifying and rescuing many victims while investigating this horrific crime, I have seen the loss of innocence, the loss of hope and the trauma this crime can cause. When you rescue a child from this situation, no words can articulate the overwhelming feeling of hope for what is ahead and sadness for the weight they carry. It is incredibly important that we all fight to identify and rescue these children and bring the offenders to justice. This is, and will continue to be, a priority for the dedicated men and women of HSI and INTERPOL.” – Homeland Security (HSI) Investigations Supervisory Special Agent and Chair of the INTERPOL Specialists Group on Crimes Against Children Jim Cole.

Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE)

An umbrella term, generally encompassing sexual crimes against children where the primary motivation is sexual in nature and not commercial.  CSE is form of child sexual abuse where another person uses any combination of physical or emotional coercion or enticement to sexually abuse or exploit the child.  CSE can occur in person or remotely online or any combination of both.  CSE can take many forms including:

Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM)

CSAM is the Production, Distribution, and/or Possession of visual depictions of a child or of children being sexually assaulted or exploited (actual or simulated).  It is considered CSAM if a child is depicted in a lewd or lascivious display of the genitalia whether the offender is in-person or remote.

Live Streaming Sexual Exploitation (LSSE)

LSSE occurs when an offender with access to minor children sexually exploits them live on camera for an offender remotely.  If the arrangement involves a commercial transaction this becomes a form of Child Sex Trafficking.

Traveling Child Sex Offense (TCSO)

A TCSO occurs when a person travels across an interstate or international boundary to engage in illicit sexual conduct with a minor.  A TCSO is an in-person offense.  A TCSO is CSE when the arrangement is not commercial, or a commercial act cannot or is difficult to prove.  A TCSO can be Child Sex Trafficking if a commercial act is transacted for the sexual act.

Online Enticement & Coercion

Also referred to as Sextortion is a form of CSAM where an offender remotely entices/coerces a minor to engage in sexual conduct and the offender records that conduct and then utilizes the threat of release or distribution of the material to extort the minor into engaging in more egregious conduct.  The CSAM produced by the offender or at the request of the offender is often then distributed by the offender to other offenders or posted in Darknet forums.

Traveling Child Sex Offense (TCSO)

A TCSO occurs when a person travels across an interstate or international boundary to engage in illicit sexual conduct with a minor. A TCSO is an in-person offense. A TCSO is CSE when the arrangement is not commercial, or a commercial act cannot or is difficult to prove. A TCSO can be Child Sex Trafficking if a commercial act is transacted for the sexual act.

Live Streaming Sexual Exploitation (LSSE)

LSSE occurs when an offender with access to minor children sexually exploits them live on camera for an offender remotely. If the arrangement involves a commercial transaction this becomes a form of Child Sex Trafficking